Destruction of bridges and roads left aboutpilgrims and tourists trapped in the valleys leading to three of the four Hindu Chota Char Dham pilgrimage sites. The Indian Air Force, the Army and paramilitary troops evacuated more thanpeople from the flood ravaged area Source:
Our heavenly Uttarakhand is being shattered into pieces as people are busy in skimming the milk from Tourism, Welfare Societies, NGOs and Spirituality.
With corruption and greed for money dripping like saliva from the mouth of the government bodies, nobody seems to be interested in finding a solution to the problem as such events are becoming common. The lives lost cannot be brought back to life but with radical measures, one can get to the root cause of it.
Many people have expressed their condolences and disgust for the natural disasters that have happened in the past but have you ever wondered why is it happening in the Himalayan regions only? Unusual Climate Change in the Himalayas- Studies suggests that the change in the climatic pattern has invited several natural calamities in Uttarakhand.
The impact of climate change on Precipitation- It has been recorded that in many areas of Uttarakhand, a greater proportion of total precipitation appears to be falling as rain, than before.
Retreating glaciers- It has been observed that Himalayan glaciers are retreating at a rapid rate as compared to the global averages. Also, when the excess melted waters of these glaciers are combined with liquid precipitation it causes flash floods and debris flows.
High-intensity rainfall- There has been an increase in the frequency of high-intensity rainfall which has triggered flash floods and landslides in Uttarakhand. Events such as high-frequency flash floods and Glacial Lake Outburst are interrelated. In the eastern and the central Himalayas, glacial melts are associated with climate change.
This has led to the formation of glacial lakes behind terminal moraines. Many high-altitude glacial lakes are dangerous as they can burst anytime in the Himalayan region.
Even the moraine dams are weak and just a fissure can cause gallons of water and debris to discharge, resulting glacial lake outburst floods which can cause extreme flood like conditions. It has also been observed that the GLOF events have increased in the recent decades.
Cloudburst witnessed in Chamoli district of Uttarakhand on Sunday morning caused severe destruction in the region. Illegal Human Activities- The natural disasters are not as natural as the political bureaucrats are trying to portray it.
There are countless man-made reasons behind the natural disasters that have happened in Uttarakhand. Some of which are the increased growth in tourism, unplanned construction, an unchecked rapid increase in roads, hotels, shops and multi-storey housing in ecologically fragile areas of the state.
Setting up Hydroelectric Dams- The rapid growth of hydroelectric dams have disrupted the water balance as several rivers are being diverted through the tunnels, causing major disasters in the state. More than power and mining projects are running in 14 river valleys of Uttarakhand.
Illegal Mining- Activities such as illegal mining in the eco-sensitive zone such as rivers, divert its natural route. Thereby, cutting the natural boundaries of the rivers. This, in turn, disrupts the natural flow of the river bodies, resulting in death and destruction in the nearby areas.
Many proposed hydro-power projects that are currently under construction or commissioned in Uttarakhand across Indian Himalayas are storage dams with reservoirs. These reservoirs emit methane gas which is 21 times more harmful than carbon dioxide and is also used in boosting the turbines of the dams.
Carbon Credits causing pollution, discounting its impact and inviting havoc in Uttarakhand: In this scheme, the clean energy projects in the developing countries get millions of rupees as incentives from the developed world, which in turn get carbon offset credits, a license that is used by the hydro-power plants to pollute further.
Such kind of certified clean hydro-power projects in Uttarakhand are a mockery on the clean projects as they are disruptive to the ecosystem.
Effect of climate change on the Forests and Animals: The current studies and researches conducted in Uttarakhand indicate that the forest structure is changing at a fast pace.
From past 20 years, the broad-leaved trees have surprisingly vanished and the pine forests have enveloped the regions which were earlier covered by oaks. The rapidly changing forest structure and human encroachment have caused a threat to the natural habitat of the animals. Many wild animals are left on mercy as they do not get food in the forests which force them to enter into the villages.
As a result, the wild animal menace has become a grave problem of today. Thereby forcing them to enter into the farmlands in search of food. While, in many villages the farmers have stopped cultivating vegetables due to the monkey menace.
Now, monkeys, boars, and leopards can be easily spotted in the villages of Garhwal Himalayas as their natural habitat is shrinking with time. If this continues the ecosystem will be disturbed and neither man nor any life form will survive on earth.- Natural disaster is defined as “any event or force of nature that has catastrophic consequences, such as avalanche, earthquake, flood, forest fire, hurricane, lightning, tornado, tsunami, and volcanic eruption.”.
The analysis of the disaster has also shown that the alignment of the roads should be planned considering the disaster and we have to consider natural measures as slope stability measures while constructing roads etc on the hill slopes.
are different from riverine floods. as the major issue.
A natural disaster with torrential downpour and subsequent flash floods led to one of the worst natural disasters on June devastating Kedarnath region in Uttarakhand.
Natural geomorphological vulnerability and unregulated anthropogenic activities have made this region prone to such disasters. Also, check previous Daily News Analysis “Proper Current Affairs preparation is the key to success in the UPSC- Civil Services Examination. We have now launched a comprehensive ‘Current Affairs Webinar’.
Man-made reasons for Uttarakhand disaster 25 Gas, found and lost 7 Thank You for the article and I do agree it is more man made disaster rather than Natural disaster.
Keeping the ecology of the Himalayas and the fragile zones in the mountains, it is an obivious fact that it cannot take any more load on itself. Home News Analysis S & T.
However, various news reports (see here, here and here) have highlighted the lack of disaster preparedness of the authorities in the state and the centre. In fact, news reports suggest that the Indian Meteorological Department had warned Uttarakhand government of .