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Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers.
In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elementsand information about the source is kept to the basics. End this element with a period. Depending upon the type of source, it should be listed in italics or quotation marks.
A book should be in italics: A website should be in italics: A song or piece of music on an album should be in quotation marks: Title of container Unlike earlier versions, the eighth edition refers to "containers," which are the larger wholes in which the source is located.
For example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, while the larger collection is the container.
The title of the container is usually italicized and followed by a comma, since the information that follows next describes the container. The container may also be a television series, which is made up of episodes.
The container may also be a website, which contains articles, postings, and other works. Interview by Gareth Von Kallenbach. In some cases, a container might be within a larger container.
You might have read a book of short stories on Google Books, or watched a television series on Netflix. It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used.
Accessed 27 May Other contributors In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc. If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation.
In the eighth edition, terms like editor, illustrator, translator, etc. A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason. Annotated and with an introduction by Vara Neverow, Harcourt, Inc. Version If a source is listed as an edition or version of a work, include it in your citation.
Crowley, Sharon, and Debra Hawhee. Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students. Number If a source is part of a numbered sequence, such as a multi-volume book, or journal with both volume and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation.
Current Conditions and Future Directions. The International Online-Only Journal, vol. Accessed 20 May Publisher The publisher produces or distributes the source to the public.How to Cite a Book in MLA 7 Book – A written work or composition that has been published – typically printed on pages bound together.
Book citations in MLA 7 style generally contain the author name, book title, publication city, publisher, year published, and the medium of the work (i.e. “Print” for print books). BOOK. A written work or composition found in print, or digitally as an e-book.
Can be non-fiction or fiction. Online shopping from a great selection at Books Store. An e-book—that is, a book that lacks a URL and that you use software to read on a personal device or computer—is considered a version according to the MLA Handbook’s template of core elements: MLA Handbook.
8th ed., e-book, Modern Language Association of America, When citing an e-book in your text, avoid using device-specific numbering systems. See section of the handbook for suggestions on alternative ways to identify the parts of a work. For an example of how to cite a book published on a Web site, see p.
Work Cited. MLA Handbook. 8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, Automatic works cited and bibliography formatting for MLA, APA and Chicago/Turabian citation styles. Now supports 7th edition of MLA.