Justified modern reformation essays on the doctrine of justification

Woodruff Professor of Law; Alonzo L. This Article is drawn in large part from John Witte, Jr. And I express my deep thanks to several fine scholars who helped me with various parts of this text, and the broader project from which it is drawn: Broyde, Rafael Domingo, Mark A.

Justified modern reformation essays on the doctrine of justification

Justified modern reformation essays on the doctrine of justification

It has seemed to me worth while to show from the history of civilization just what war has done and has not done for the welfare of mankind. In the eighteenth century it was assumed that the primitive state of mankind was one of Arcadian peace, joy, and contentment.

In the nineteenth century the assumption went over to the other extreme — that the primitive state was one of universal warfare. This, like the former notion, is a great exaggeration. Man in the most primitive and uncivilized state known to us does not practice war all the time; he dreads it; he might rather be described as a peaceful animal.

Real warfare comes with the collisions of more developed societies. If we turn to facts about the least civilized men we find proofs that they are not warlike and do not practice war if they can help it. The Australians have no idea Note. Their fights do not lead to slaughter or spoils or other consequences of victory.

Quarrels between tribes are sometimes settled by a single combat between chiefs. They have no political organization, so there can be no war for power.

An Englishman who knew them well said that he knew of serious wounds, but he had known of but one death from their affrays. We are told Edition: Perhaps the converse would be true: We are not astonished to hear that they develop excessive tyranny and cruelty to those who are weaker than themselves, especially to women, and even to their mothers.

This is attributed in great part to head-hunting and cannibalism. In general they know the limits of their own territory and observe them, but they quarrel about women.

In one case only had he heard of war for any other reason; three brothers, Barolongs, fought over one woman, and their tribe had remained divided, up to the time of writing, into three parties. During his residence in the Bechuana country he never saw unarmed men strike each other.

They quarrel with words, but generally both parties burst into a laugh and that ends it. A Spanish priest, writing an account, inof the Aurohuacos of Colombia, 5 says that they have no weapons of offense or defense.

If two quarrel they go out to a big rock or tree and each with his staff beats the rock or tree with vituperations. The one whose staff breaks first is the victor; then they embrace and return home as friends. Even our American Indians, who appear in Edition: Wampum strings and belts were associated with peace-pacts and with prayers for peace.

In contrast with these cases we find others of extreme warlikeness which account for the current idea that primitive men love war and practice it all the time. But if we examine the cases of peacefulness or unwarlike-hess which have been cited, we see that only two or three seem to present evidence of Arcadian peace and simplicity, such as, in the imagination of the eighteenth century philosophers, characterized men in a state of nature.

Probably if we had fuller knowledge these few instances would be much modified. What we see is that men have always quarreled. The cases which have been selected are some of them also those of people who have been defeated, broken, and cowed down.

Another set of examples consists of those in which abstinence from war is due to cowardice, and with it go the vices of cowardice — tyranny and cruelty to the weak.

These cases are calculated to delight the hearts of the advocates of strenuosity.Why Two in One Flesh?

Justified modern reformation essays on the doctrine of justification

The Western Case for Monogamy Over Polygamy, John Witte, Jr. Western nations can responsibly hold the line against polygamy. Helpful book on justification. Some of the Reformed ideas I disagree with, but I love Horton's desire to let the Reformation speak to today.

The first chapter on Levenson was outstanding.4/5(3). "The Hope of Eternal Life" (November 1, ) from the Lutheran-Catholic Dialogue in the United States.

John Locke (—) John Locke was among the most famous philosophers and political theorists of the 17 th century. He is often regarded as the founder of a school of thought known as British Empiricism, and he made foundational contributions to modern theories of limited, liberal government.

T HE essays collected in this book have mostly, but not all, appeared in print. In Europe they have appeared in the Rationalist Annual, the Bermondsey Book, the Nation, the Daily Mail, the World To-Day, the Manchester Guardian, the Graphic, the Weekly Dispatch, Discovery, Modern Science, and the Haagsche kaja-net.com America they have .

"The Church as Koinonia of Salvation: Its Structures and Ministries" () from the Lutheran-Catholic Dialogue in the United States.

Locke, John | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy