Architecture of Ancient Rome Roman architecture, even more than the rest of Roman artreflected the practical character, restless energy and organizational mindset of its creators. As the Roman Empire expanded to engulf not only the Mediterranean region but also large areas of Western Europe, Roman architects struggled to achieve two overriding aims:
Creation of law, development of democratic government practices, influences in language, literature, art, infrastructure, and city-planning are all areas where the influences of Roman ideas can be seen.
Additionally, Roman influences have had considerable importance in the spread of Christianity. One important area of influence was Roman law. The first law code in Roman history was the Law of the Twelve Tables, the precursor to the development of Roman law.
Roman law developed the division between public law, in which the state is directly involved, such as with issues of treason and taxation, and private law, concerned with disputes between people, such as over contracts.
This system was the basis for what is now known in the West as Civil law. Roman law also influenced the development of private international law.
Many defense techniques currently employed can also be traced back to Roman procedures. Also, the purpose of written law as a way to protect individuals from one another and from the power of the state is an inherently Roman idea. The Roman process of making laws has also had a deep influence on modern democratic political systems.
During the era of the Roman Republic to 49 BClawmaking was a bicameral activity. Legislation was first passed by the comitia, or the assembly of the citizens. It was then approved by the representatives of the upper class, or the senate, and issued in the name of the senate and the people of Rome.
Many countries, including the United Stateshave since then used the republican Rome as a model for their own governments, requiring that all laws go through two legislative bodies.
It is a pattern continued in almost every democratic constitution. Rome was responsible for the spread of the Latin Language, which has formed the basis for Western languages, such as English.
In fact, educators in our society teach Latin as a way of helping students better understand the English language. Latin roots form the foundation of a good majority of common words.
Literature is another area where Roman influence is notable.
Roman authors followed the famous Greek authors, often developing and building upon Greek writing. In particular, use of pictures of Emperors on coins and sculptures was an inherently Roman idea. Roman influences in modern society can also be seen in infrastructure systems.
Roman roads used three levels of substructure beneath the paving stones, and a prescribed angle for the uplift of the center of the road, allowing rainwater to drain off. They used numbered signposts every Roman mile, which indicated such things as the distance to the next town and which construction battalion had built the road.
They also had extensive networks of underground lead pipe, supplying clean water. They utilized the concepts of parks, public libraries, and plazas. Elements of modern city planning can be traced to Roman concepts.
The Romans engaged in extensive city-building activities as they consolidated their empire. Roman military and colonial towns were laid out in a variation of highly planned grid.
Developments in the architecture of fortification, relating to compact space and fast maneuverability, and the discovery of perspective, focusing the description on the eye of the viewer, led to radial focus in city plans and the development of ideal town plans.
Many European cities, like London and Parissprang from these Roman origins. Roman theaters have also had a considerable influence on the development of theaters in modern society. Another significant area of Roman influence is in religion. The Roman Empire contributed to the spread of Christianity.Religion.
The ancient Greeks were a deeply religious people.
Classical, Greek and Roman, Myths & Legends. An exhibition of Mythic Art by Contemporary American Illustrator Howard David Johnson, whose illustrations of Mythology have been published all over the world by distinguished learning institutions and publishers including the . Additionally, Roman influences have had considerable importance in the spread of Christianity. One important area of influence was Roman law. The first law code in Roman history was the Law of the Twelve Tables, the precursor to the development of Roman law. Cynicism (Greek: κυνισμός) is a school of thought of ancient Greek philosophy as practiced by the Cynics (Greek: Κυνικοί, Latin: Cynici).For the Cynics, the purpose of life is to live in virtue, in agreement with kaja-net.com reasoning creatures, people can gain happiness by rigorous training and by living in a way which is natural for themselves, rejecting all conventional desires.
They worshipped many gods whom they believed appeared in human form and yet were endowed with superhuman strength and ageless beauty. Roman Gods A Complete List of Roman Gods, Their Names & Their Realms of Influence. This page is a list of the names of Roman gods in ancient mythology and their roles.
The architecture of ancient Greece is the architecture produced by the Greek-speaking people (Hellenic people) whose culture flourished on the Greek mainland, the Peloponnese, the Aegean Islands, and in colonies in Anatolia and Italy for a period from about BC until the 1st century AD, with the earliest remaining architectural works dating from around BC.
Greek and Roman Governments The Greek democratic and Roman republic governments each had their own positive and negative aspects making them similar, yet exclusively different. Both have had tremendous influences on governments in our modern world.
Rome was a republic where the leaders were chosen through voting, while Greece practiced a more direct democracy in which the citizens . Roman Characteristics. Mighty Rome!
Conqueror of Gaul and Carthage, of Greece and Egypt, mistress of the Western world through six centuries, capital of the mighty Caesars, unchallenged home of grandeur, spectacle, and magnificence, splendid with the art plundered from a hundred enslaved peoples, giver of laws and morals and military science to all the West.
Coin: Coin, a piece of metal or, rarely, some other material (such as leather or porcelain) certified by a mark or marks upon it as being of a specific intrinsic or exchange value.
The use of cast-metal pieces as a medium of exchange is very ancient and probably developed out of the use in commerce of.