What does a model of Christian charity mean? Some use the word "Christian love" to indicate an action that… is giving of oneself to help someone.
It has been quoted by numerous politicians, most notably Ronald Reagan in his inaugural address, to signify America as a beacon of civilization responsible for guiding the rest of the world into the future. John Winthrop was selected as governor of the Massachusetts Bay Company inand he was given the task of leading a fleet of Puritan settlers to establish a community of their own in New England the following year.
Learn about John Winthrop, a religious leader who oversaw a Puritan colony in Massachusetts Bay. Find out about his famous sermon, 'A Modell of Christian Charity,' and discover why Winthrop wrote. John Winthrop, A Modell of Christian Charity () Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society (Boston, ), 3rd series ) Hanover Historical Texts Collection. Nov 13, · A Model of Christian Charity" is a sermon that John Winthrop delivered somewhere in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean on board the Arbella on its way to America.
The speech was given to his fellow travelers on board the Arbella, the flagship of this fleet, as they prepared to sail from their native England. Winthrop also cautioned that the world would be watching them, and that failure to fulfill their duty to God would not only ruin their chances of prosperity, but would also disgrace like-minded Christians across the globe.
Though Puritans are often depicted in popular American culture as cold and unemotional, "A Model of Christian Charity" provides insight into the warmth and depth with which Winthrop and other Puritans sought to form bonds of community among themselves.
Winthrop states to the gathered congregation that "we must love one another with a pure heart fervently," and details the ways in which each member should exhibit charity and mercy to all other members of the community.
He emphasizes communal living, with the wealthiest and most prosperous members of society freely giving to the poorest members, as well as charitable lending principles that would require a lender to simply forgive a debt if the borrower had no means of repayment.
It is the final section of "A Model of Christian Charity," however, that has received the most attention. In it, Winthrop compares their new Massachusetts Bay colony to "a city upon a hill": Like a city rising above the surrounding land, it is visible to all, and surely will be subjected to careful scrutiny.
Winthrop suggests that if he and his fellow Puritans succeed, they will serve as a shining example for others to follow.
However, if they fail, their failure will bring disgrace to all Christians everywhere. This "city upon a hill" passage is often cited by those who support the notion of American exceptionalism. In the most general sense, exceptionalism is the belief that a certain thing is not bound by established rules or patterns.
American exceptionalism is the idea that the United Stateswith its unique formation and development, is fundamentally different from any other country in the world.
The notion of American exceptionalism has been used to hold the United States to higher standards than other countries; it has also been used to justify actions that might otherwise be viewed negatively, such as the appropriation of land from Native American tribes.
Joining with other like-minded men of wealth and influence, Winthrop became a part of the Massachusetts Bay Companythe goal of which was to establish a Puritan community in New England. Before embarking on the trip, Winthrop was selected as governor for this new venture.
Winthrop went on to serve as governor for nearly twenty years, though he was voted out of office and re-elected numerous times during that period. He oversaw the establishment of a democratic governing body that served in conjunction with community church leaders.
These journals have proven to be an invaluable record of early American life. He died on March 26, Although the final section of "A Model of Christian Charity" is frequently quoted as a celebration of American uniqueness and idealism, John Winthrop himself remains relatively unknown and unrecognized as one of the earliest architects of the American way of life.
In some respects, "A Model of Christian Charity" can be viewed as a precursor to the ideals and notions later voiced by American icons such as Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson. Using the language of later founding fathers, Winthrop wanted to create a "more perfect" society. As he said in the sermon, he wanted to take what was done or what ought to have been done in England and make it better.
He wanted to take the politics, religion, and economics of village-life in England and make it better. The end product would be a model to the world. God Almighty in His most holy and wise providence, hath so disposed of the condition of mankind, as in all times some must be rich, some poor, some high and eminent in power and dignity; others mean and in submission.
He then enumerates the reasons why God would want such inequality to exist. First, Winthrop suggests that this is "to hold conformity" with the differences found in the rest of the natural world.Nov 13, · A Model of Christian Charity" is a sermon that John Winthrop delivered somewhere in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean on board the Arbella on its way to America.
1 John Winthrop – A Model of Christian Charity () A Reader's Edition. John Winthrop's (–) sermon, 'A Model of Christian Charity' ()surely. Learn about John Winthrop, a religious leader who oversaw a Puritan colony in Massachusetts Bay.
Find out about his famous sermon, 'A Modell of Christian Charity,' and discover why Winthrop wrote.
Model of Christian Charity - · Sermon delivered by John Winthrop while aboard the Arbella, which laid out the religious virtues of the new colony. Pequots - · The tribe of Indians in New England that warred with Massachusetts Bay in the late s. A Model of Christian Charity by John Winthrop must be understood in context.
It was a sermon delivered by Winthrop, the future governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, to his fellow Puritans on. John Winthrop, A Modell of Christian Charity () Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society (Boston, ), 3rd series ) Hanover Historical Texts Collection.